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First Ebola case diagnosed in the United States: CDC

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6:39pm EDT

By Julie Steenhuysen and Sharon Begley

(Reuters) - U.S. health officials said on Tuesday the first patient infected with the deadly Ebola virus had been diagnosed in the country after flying from Liberia to Texas, in a new sign of how the outbreak ravaging West Africa can spread globally.

The patient sought treatment six days after arriving in Texas on Sept. 20, Dr. Thomas Frieden, director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), told reporters on Tuesday. He was admitted two days later to an isolation room at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas.

U.S. health officials and lawmakers have been bracing for the eventuality that a patient would arrive on U.S. shores undetected, testing the preparedness of the nation's healthcare system.

Frieden said a handful of people, mostly family members, may have been exposed to the patient after he fell ill. He said there was likely no threat to any passengers who had traveled with the patient. Asked whether the patient was a U.S. citizen, Frieden described the person as a visitor to family in the country.

"It is certainly possible someone who had contact with this individual could develop Ebola in the coming weeks," Frieden told a news conference. "I have no doubt we will stop this in its tracks in the United States."

The Texas Department of State Health Services said it was working with the CDC, the local health department and the hospital "to investigate the case and help prevent transmission of the disease."

"The hospital has implemented infection control measures to help ensure the safety of patients and staff," the statement said.

U.S. hospitals have treated several patients who were diagnosed with Ebola in West Africa, the center of the worst known outbreak of the virus that has killed more than 3,000 people. The previous U.S. patients were all medical and other aid workers who were diagnosed while overseas and flown to the country in a specially outfitted airplane.

Frieden has said U.S. hospitals are well prepared to handle Ebola patients and has assured the public that the virus should not pose the same threat in the United States as it does in Africa.

Ebola symptoms generally appear between two and 21 days after infection, meaning there is a significant window during which an infected person can escape detection, allowing them to travel. Frieden emphasized that Ebola cannot be spread through the air but only through contact with bodily fluids such as blood, diarrhea and tears.

He said that CDC and other health officials were discussing whether to treat the Ebola patient with an experimental drug for the virus, without specifying which one might be considered. Treatments from Mapp Biopharmaceutical and Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corp have been used to treat a small number of patients so far in the outbreak.

Stocks in Tekmira and other small biotechnology companies working on Ebola therapies or vaccines rose on the news of the U.S. Ebola patient in after-hours trading.

(Reporting by Julie Steenhuysen in Chicago and Sharon Begley in New York; Editing by Michele Gershberg and Lisa Shumaker)

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State health officials: 2nd Ebola case in Texas

DALLAS (AP) — A Texas health care worker who provided hospital care for an Ebola patient who later died has tested positive for the virus, health officials said Sunday in a statement. If the preliminary diagnosis is confirmed, it would be the first known case of the disease being contracted or transmitted in the U.S.

http://news.yahoo.com/state-health-officials-2nd-ebola-case-texas-1...

 Thank  God  he  cares  for  us!!!

He needs to, because our president doesn't.

What does Romans say about following our leaders.  How unchristian of Sen. Obama.  If he is a messiah-like figure he should know better.

 

Ebola crisis: Liberia 'to prosecute man in US hospital'


The Liberian authorities say they will prosecute the man diagnosed with Ebola in the US, accusing him of lying over his contact with an infected relative.


When he left the country last month, Liberian national Thomas Eric Duncan filled in a questionnaire saying that none of his relatives were sick.


But Liberia's assistant health minister said he had taken a sick relative to a clinic in a wheelbarrow.


Mr Duncan is in a serious condition in a Dallas hospital.


His is the first case of Ebola to be diagnosed on US soil, where as many as 100 people are being checked for exposure to Ebola.


More than 3,330 people have died in the Ebola outbreak in four West African countries.

'Speedy recovery'

The BBC's Jonathan Paye-Layleh in Liberia's capital, Monrovia, says the prosecution announcement was made at the weekly Ebola update news conference, which is attended by numerous government officials and was dominated by the case of Mr Duncan.


"We wish him a speedy recovery; we await his arrival in Liberia" to face prosecution, Binyah Kesselly, the chairman of the board of directors of the Liberia Airport Authority, said.


Deputy Information Minister Isaac Jackson confirmed that Mr Duncan would be prosecuted as he "lied under oath about his Ebola status".


Before the briefing, Mr Kesselly told the BBC that Mr Duncan had answered "no" to all the questions on the Ebola form, which includes one about whether the traveller has any relatives sick with Ebola.


Assistant Health Minister Tolbert Nyenswah explained at the briefing that he was investigating Mr Duncan's movements before he left Liberia on 19 September.


He said Mr Duncan works as a driver in Liberia for Save-Way Cargo, a subsidiary of the international courier service FedEx, and lives in the Paynesville 72nd Community suburb of Monrovia.


Eric Vaye, a neighbour of Mr Duncan's, was also at the briefing to help with contact tracing, and said that nine people had died of Ebola in the district in recent weeks.


Mr Duncan is alleged to have pushed the wheelbarrow when taking a sick relative to a clinic.


Our reporter says this is banned and people are obliged to phone a hotline number to ensure that patients are collected by health workers so further contact with sick people is avoided.


Mr Nyenswah said it was "less likely" that Mr Duncan had passed on the disease when in Liberia because he was not showing signs before he left.


According to the latest UN figures, there have been 7,178 confirmed Ebola cases, with Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea suffering the most.


Leading charity Save the Children has warned that Ebola was spreading at a "terrifying rate", with the number of new recorded cases doubling every few weeks.


UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond has called for urgent decisive action including more financial aid, doctors and nurses, from the international community at a conference in London.

Ebola virus disease (EVD)
  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Spread by body fluids, such as blood and saliva
  • Fatality rate can reach 90% - but current outbreak has mortality rate of about 70%
  • Incubation period is two to 21 days
  • There is no proven vaccine or cure
  • Supportive care such as rehydrating patients who have diarrhoea and vomiting can help recovery
  • Fruit bats, a delicacy for some West Africans, are considered to be virus's natural host

Ebola virus: Busting the myths

Interesting.

You do us a good service here Meta. Thank you.

A group of researchers from Oxford University and the University of Leuven say they have pinpointed the place where HIV was first transmitted between humans, sparking a pandemic that would go on to touch some 75 million people in every corner of the globe. Through statistical analysis, the group determined that HIV is “almost certain” to have begun its spread from Kinshasa, now the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo, sometime around 1920.

The research team analyzed all available HIV-1 viruses sampled from infected persons between 1985 and 2010 to trace the outbreak back to their shared ancestry in a group of infected individuals referred to as “group M” who they say became infected in Kinshasa.

The geographic spread of a virus, coupled with growth of the infected population, leave "a measurable imprint” on the HIV genomes found in the various samples, explains Nuno Rodrigues Faria, a researcher at Oxford University and an author on the paper.

“Until now most studies have taken a piecemeal approach to HIV's genetic history, looking at particular HIV genomes in particular locations,” Oliver Pybus, a professor at Oxford University and a senior author of the paper said in a press release. “For the first time we have analysed all the available evidence using the latest phylogeographic techniques, which enable us to statistically estimate where a virus comes from. This means we can say with a high degree of certainty where and when the HIV pandemic originated. It seems a combination of factors in Kinshasa in the early 20th Century created a 'perfect storm' for the emergence of HIV, leading to a generalised epidemic with unstoppable momentum that unrolled across sub-Saharan Africa.”

The researchers’ paper, published Thursday in the journal Science, also reports that the common ancestor of group M likely became infected some time around 1920, with 95 percent of the dates estimated by the research team falling between 1909 and 1930.

During those years, Kinshasa became one of the best-connected transportation hubs anywhere in central Africa. The researchers note that the initial spread of HIV closely followed transportation routes, especially railways.

Alongside transport, social changes such as the changing behaviour of sex workers, and public health initiatives against other diseases that led to the unsafe use of needles may have contributed to turning HIV into a full-blown epidemic,” Rodrigues Faria tells Newsweek.

The news of HIV’s historical origins paint a picture of transmission that Rodrigues Faria hopes can help prevent epidemiologists stem the spread of infections in the future.

“Knowledge of the circumstances that facilitated the epidemic expansion can assist the development of effective education and prevention programs.” 

Aids is like Ebola in that it is not airborne, but social change and transportation caused it to be a pandemic.

AIDS / HIV is very difficult to get also.  Yet 1.4-1.9 have died from it in 2012.  In order to get AIDS/HIV  you also have to have contact in un-kosher ways,  with blood or body fluids.   A care giver just taking care of an AIDS/HIV patient with normal protective gear will not just get AIDS/HIV.  A care giver taking care of an Ebola patient is in great danger of getting Ebola.  So what is going on here?  Why the done play of Ebola.    The simple way to stop Ebola is called quarantine.  Quarantine and find the vector of Ebola and stop it.  Common Biblical sense ignored and political games are being played. 

 

US Ebola patient Thomas Duncan dies in hospital

The first person to be diagnosed with Ebola within the US has died, Texas hospital officials have said.

Thomas Eric Duncan, who caught the virus in his native Liberia, was being kept in isolation in a Dallas hospital and receiving experimental drugs.

Earlier the US announced new screening measures at entry points to check travellers for symptoms of the virus.

More than 3,000 people have died and 7,500 infected, mostly in West Africa, in the worst Ebola outbreak yet.

"It is with profound sadness and heartfelt disappointment that we must inform you of the death of Thomas Eric Duncan this morning at 7:51 am," a spokesman said in a statement.

The news came shortly after US Secretary of State John Kerry urged all nations to boost their response to combat the virus.

"More countries can and must step up," he said in a joint press conference with his British counterpart Philip Hammond.

The US has pledged as many as 4,000 troops to the region, while the UK is sending 750 military personnel to Sierra Leone.

Duncan, who worked as a driver for a courier company, tested positive in Dallas, Texas, on 30 September, 10 days after arriving on a flight from Monrovia via Brussels.

He become ill a few days after arriving in the US but after going to hospital and telling them he had been to Liberia he was sent home with antibiotics.

Four days later, he was placed in isolation but his condition continued to worsen and this week he was given an experimental drug.

Ten people he came into contact with are being monitored for symptoms.

Following Duncan's diagnosis, the first case of contagion outside that continent was confirmed in Spain, where a nurse who treated an Ebola victim in Madrid contracted the virus herself.

Ebola spreads through contact with the bodily fluids of someone who has the virus and the only way to stop an outbreak is to isolate those who are infected.

Earlier on Wednesday, US officials announced travellers from Ebola-affected countries will face increased security scrutiny at American airports.

The Department of Homeland Security has ordered agents at airports and other ports to take temperatures and question passengers at five US airports.

The new security measures, rolled out by the Transportation Security Administration, will reportedly take effect this weekend or early next week.

While Duncan was the first person to be diagnosed within the US, three American aid workers and a photojournalist contracted the virus in Liberia

oh the drugs killed him 

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