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Should we keep the Feast Days?

*1 Corinthians 5:7-8, "Purge  out therefore the old leaven, that ye  may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened.  For even Christ our passover is sacrificed  for us:  Therefore let us keep the  feast, not with old leaven,  neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with  the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."

 

....Truth is, we no longer need to sacrifice a Passover  lamb according to this passage. This is actually common knowledge among most  Christians of today. The exact same principle therefore applies to  all the Jewish feasts as they are indeed fulfilled already, just as the sacrifice  of the Passover lamb was fulfilled.

As for those who feel they are convicted to keep  these feasts, I am not seeking to change your minds. At the same time, I feel  I stand justified in that I see no reason for you to seek to change mine. The facts will be presented for intelligent Bible decisions to be made on this issue. For  it is also written...

  • *Colossians 2:16-17, "Let  no man therefore judge you in meat, or  in drink, or in respect of an holyday,  or of the new moon, or of the sabbath  days:  Which are a  shadow of things to come; but the body  is of Christ."

 

...By the way.. the "sabbath days" mentioned  here are ceremonial feast days, and not the weekly Sabbath. See Leviticus  23:23-38 on this. Specifically verse 38 where it declares these "sabbath  days" are BESIDES the Sabbath of the Lord. Another easy to see reality  in this passage is. MANY like to claim that this passage is speaking of the  "Ten Commandments" because the "sabbath days" is mentioned.  But when looking at the ENTIRE verse, one realizes that it is impossible for  these "sabbath days" to be the same as the weekly Sabbath day. Why?  This passage is lumping both the "sabbath days" together along with  the "meat, drink, holy days, and new moons." Where in the Ten Commandments  does it speak of meat, drink, holy days, and new moons?

The Jewish feast days were a shadow of things  to come. They pointed forward in a prophetic manner as to what Christ would  do when He came to this Earth for us. I ask, why should we embrace or seek to  keep feast days that speak of things already done? My faith alone in the "Lamb  of God who taketh away the sins of the world" [John 1:29] already proclaims  that which the feast days looked forward to as fulfilled at Calvary.

In fact, some of the feast days required the  believer to offer sacrifice in the Jerusalem Temple did they not? How is that  possible today? How was that possible in fact since 70ad when the Jerusalem  Temple was completely destroyed by Rome?

Scriptures openly declare these feast days "nailed  to the cross" in the following passage...

  • *Colossians 2:14, "Blotting out the handwriting  of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out  of the way, nailing it to his cross;"

 

...These feast days / laws of Moses were ORDINANCES  penned on paper by Moses himself. Unlike the Law of God written in STONE by  His very finger. The ripping of the temple veil in Matthew 27:51  declares in mountainous tones that these feast days were indeed no longer needed.  The Temple itself was no longer the residence of the Shekinah glory of the Lord's  presence when that Temple veil ripped. Before the rip, no man could enter into  the Most Holy Place  but the High priest. Anyone else walking in there would most assuredly DIE. Now  however, any man can come before the Lord, for  the Temple is now YOU, the Christian!

  • *1 Corinthians 3:16, "Know ye not that ye  are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?"

 

...Want it prophetically BLUNT? Daniel the Prophet  declares the Feast Days as something that was to STOP the moment Christ  died on the cross...

  • *Daniel 9:27, "And he shall confirm the covenant  with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he  shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,  and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until  the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."

 

...Prophecy itself confirms the feast days  CEASED at the time of the cross. In the "midst of the week" (3.5 yrs  after Jesus was baptised) the Temple veil RIPPED completely  in two. At the exact moment  the "Lamb of God which taketh away the sins of the world" spoke from  His very lips, "IT IS FINISHED"-John 19:30

       ...Picture this... You  are looking for your friend who is said to be behind your house working on your  car. You look outside and all you see is your friends shadow protruding from  behind the house. You can see your friend working on the car by watching the  shadow. So you wait patiently for him to finish. Suddenly your friend cry's  out that, it is finished. You then walk to the back of the house, and  follow the shadow to your friend that eventually leads directly to him. The  feast days are no different. They illustrated to the believers a glimpse of  that which Christ was to do in the future, and when He cried out, "it is  finished" on Calvary, IT WAS!

Think about this as well...

There were NO Jewish feast days BEFORE the Exodus  from Egyptian bondage.  And according to prophecy as well as Scripture speaking of the time of fulfillment,  they ended perfectly when Jesus "finished" what He came to do for  you and me, as well as all those that kept those feast days in faith BEFORE  Calvary.

       Could there be prophetic reasoning for such  an end time movement?

Is it not being "prophesied" all over  the world by false prophets that a "third temple" must be rebuilt? Has  it not already been reported that the Roman Catholic church is performing  "animal sacrifices" on their altars in Africa?Are we to start offering  sacrifices again regardless of the fact that prophecy as well as the reality  of Calvary declares it is finished?  Does not the "keeping of  the feast days" denote a "possibility" that Christ has NOT yet  arrived, therefore we need to look for another? Will this be used by Antichrist to gather some of the flock into his  camp? That I believe is the main issue here. All I can see coming from keeping  the feast days is a faith that may eventually learn to embrace the "old  leaven" of the Pharisee's. All the world knows, they do indeed proclaim with  boldness that Messiah has not yet come. And all of Christendom can read for  themselves...

  • *1 Corinthians 5:7-8, "Purge  out therefore the old leaven, that ye  may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened.  For even Christ our passover is sacrificed  for us:  Therefore let us keep the  feast, not with old leaven,  neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with  the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."

 

...One last thing before going further. For those that claim Christ Lord and still can't see the Feast Days abolished at His cross. Please look upon this passage with open eyes...

  • *Act 6:14 "For we have heard him say, that this Jesus  of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which  Moses delivered us."

 

...We need to understand that orthodox Jews to this day still observe the feast days because they refuse to accept the sacrifice of the Messiah Jesus Christ in their behalf. When we echo their observance of these abolished ordinances today, we  are doing the exact same thing as those Jews who are not moved by faith in Christ Jesus as Lord. In fact, some of the early Christians             continued on with the feast days as well. How did Paul respond to this?

  • *Galatians 4:9-11, "But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire                 again to be in bondage?  Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.                  I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain."

 

...One more thing needs to be realized  here as well. At present, we living during anti-typical day of atonement (since 1844 per Daniel 8, 2300 day prophecy) as we wait on that same Messiah Jesus Christ to return. While we wait, we must understand that this waiting time is not to be considered a time of celebration. Just as the Jews of old prepared 10 days before the day of atonement, we too must use this time to afflict  our souls so as to prepare to meet our God. During this time we             have been given a chance to purify our souls by the putting away of sin. Soon probation will end and that eupastern sky will split and we will be called Home. Or.. if we waste this precious time we have been given to get right with our God, we will be left behind dead. Those that celebrated on the day of atonement were cut off from the camp. The feasts are celebratory in nature until the feast of the day of atonement which is a solemn feast. We can not "celebrate" the feasts while we are living in the solemn day of atonement.

One more thing to realize about the anti-typical  day of antonement we presently find ourselves in. Many fail to realize this basic reality in fact. You simply cannot keep any feast days right now because we are in the antitypical day of atonement. Look in your Bibles and you will see that NEVER in the Word of God do we see anyone keeping two feast days simultaneously. That being the case. How can we keep the feast days while keeping  the day of atonement?

 Bottom line is this...

The Feast days pointed to His first coming. The Lord's Supper points to His second coming.

Literal Before The Cross. Spiritual After The Cross.

 

For the SDA brethren that have been  pulled into the feast day movement, what saith the prophet of the Lord to the last day church?

 

SOP says,

 

"In this ordinance, (The Last Supper) Christ discharged His disciples  from the cares and burdens of the ancient Jewish obligations in  rites and ceremonies. These no longer possessed  any virtue; for type  was meeting antitype in Himself, the authority and foundation of  all Jewish ordinances that pointed to Him as the great and only efficacious offering for the sins of the world. He gave this simple ordinance that it might be a special season when He Himself would always be present, to lead all participating in it to feel the pulse of their own conscience, to awaken them to an understanding of the lessons symbolized, to revive their memory, to convict of sin, and to receive their penitential  repentance. He would teach them that brother is not to exalt himself above brother, that the dangers of disunion and strife shall be seen and appreciated; for the health and holy activity of the soul  are involved.  {5BC 1139.5}

This ordinance does not speak so largely to man's intellectual capacity as to his heart. His moral and spiritual nature needs it. If His disciples had not needed this, it would not have been left for them  as Christ's last established ordinance in connection with, and including, the last supper. It was Christ's desire to leave to His disciples  an ordinance that would do for them the very thing they needed--that  would serve to disentangle them from the rites and ceremonies which  they had hitherto engaged in as essential, and which the reception of the gospel made no longer of any force. To  continue these rites would be an insult to Jehovah.  Eating of the body, and drinking of the blood, of Christ, not merely at the sacramental service, but daily partaking of the bread of life to satisfy the soul's hunger, would be in receiving His Word and doing His will" (RH June 14, 1898).  {5BC 1139.6}

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Ok sure, no problem.  God bless you!

Peace,

 Colporteur: "Since feast keepers are advocating that the ceremonial part of feast keeping is gone and it is simply the appointed times that ought to be observed, how do they suggest that they ought to be kept ?"

   Hi Colporteur, the way I observe them is like how I observe the Sabbath.. I go to Church, fellowshipping, singing, praying... Just the way Jesus observed the Holy set days of GOD.

 Blessings!!

Is this your PRIVATE interpretation reasoning?

  

Hi Colporteur, the way I observe them is like how I observe the Sabbath.. I go to Church, fellowshipping, singing, praying... Just the way Jesus observed the Holy set days of GOD.

That is not the purpose of the appointed time for the feasts.  It is not the same as the 7th day as seen in Exodus 20:8-11.  You are wrong in what you are doing.  Keep this burden to yourself.

Peace,

 

 Julie: "That is not the purpose of the appointed time for the feasts.  It is not the same as the 7th day as seen in Exodus 20:8-11.  You are wrong in what you are doing.  Keep this burden to yourself."

 

   First, you must understand feast/Moed means a appointed time of GOD... and your wrong, GOD'S Holy appointed days are for convocations, praying, singing, teaching & learning...   Just how we know to take the OT ceremonies done on the 7th Day Sabbath out, and still observed the Holy day.. that's the same way GOD'S annual Holy days are to be treated.

 

  Blessings!

 

So who should I follow according to you then? Mark Finley, other well-known evangelists or Jesus??

Luke 22:14-23;  1 Corinthians 11:23-26. Jesus said to remember Him this way.

 

Sorry Colporteur, this respose was in response to Vicki's mention on the previous page, I am not sure why it came after yours. Must be we posted at the same time.

And Yes, Jesus is where our focus should always be.

   Jesus

       and

            we do.

If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain. The Lord will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles.  Zechariah 14:18

As a rule I tend to teach that we are to keep these feasts only in their spiritual form, Passover = justification by faith, Pentecost = receiving the down payment of the Holy Spirit and Tabernacles = receiving the fullness of the Holy Spirit (along with the glorified body) .  However, if the Latter Rain (receiving the fullness of the Holy Spirit) is to be withheld (as a plague of no rain) from any nation that does not keep the Feast of Tabernacles, maybe that is why there are people on this forum claiming the Latter Rain is being delayed.

It would be nice if we actually considered all the texts on the matter and adjusted our theology to include every word that proceeds from the mouth of God instead of picking a few that agree with our personal theology and try to force that opinion on everyone else because we have a verse or two that appears to prove our point.

Reasoning

Here Joe  Crews makes it easy to understand 

WHAT LAW WAS BLOTTED OUT?

But let’s look closer at that text in Colossians 2:14-16 to get the real picture. After describing the “blotting out” and “nailing” of the ordinances, Paul wrote, “Let no man THEREFORE judge you in meat, or in drink.” The word “therefore” means “based on what has just been said, we must come to this conclusion.” In other words, he was saying, “Based upon the fact that the ordinances have been blotted out, THEREFORE let no one judge you in meat or drink.” 

Now we begin to see clearly which law was under discussion. Is there anything in the Ten Commandments about meat and drink? 

But let us read the rest of the text before us: “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ” (Colossians 2:1617). 

Question: Could these sabbath days be talking about the Seventh-day Sabbath of the ten-commandment law? No. Because they are clearly defined as “shadows of things to come.” Please keep in mind that the weekly Sabbath was instituted by God before sin came into the world. THERE COULD NEVER BE TYPES OR SHADOWS BEFORE SIN EXISTED! All the shadows were introduced because of sin and pointed forward to the deliverance from sin through Christ. For example, all the lambs slain represented Jesus, the true LAMB, who would die for the sins of the world. If sin had not entered the world, there would have been no need of a Saviour, and therefore, no lambs or shadows pointing to a Saviour. 

So these “sabbath days which are a shadow” could not possibly be referring to the Seventh-day Sabbath. But what other sabbaths could they be talking about? Were there “sabbaths” other than the weekly Sabbaths? Yes, there were yearly sabbaths which had absolutely nothing to do with the Seventh-day Sabbath of the decalogue. And they were definitely a part of the “ordinance” system which ended at the cross. 

For proof of this, let us go back to the law of Moses and read about these annual feast days which were shadowy sabbaths. “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation” (Leviticus 23:24). Again we read, “Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement ... It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest” (verses 27, 32). 

As you can clearly see, these annual sabbaths fell on a different day of the week every year, and God specifically explained that they were not to be confused with the weekly Sabbath. “These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, everything upon his day: BESIDE THE SABBATHS OF THE LORD” (verses 37, 38). 

Now we can understand what Paul was referring to in Colossians when he wrote about meat and drink and sabbath days which are shadows. There were certain prescribed offerings for each of those yearly feast days, and they were shadows pointing to the future sacrifice of Jesus. But the Bible says these were “BESIDE THE SABBATHS OF THE LORD,” or the Seventh-day Sabbath. 

Now it is fully established which law was blotted out and nailed to the cross. At the moment of Christ’s death, the veil of the temple was ripped from top to bottom by an unseen hand (Matthew 27:51). The most holy place of the sanctuary was exposed where the sprinkled blood recorded all the sins of the people. But no more blood needed to be sprinkled; no more lambs needed to be slain; the true Lamb had come to which all those sacrifices pointed. From henceforth, it would be a denial of the Saviour to bring animals. It would be denying that He was the fulfillment of all the shadows and types. Therefore, it would be “against us” or “contrary to us” to continue observing that mosaic law. 

To clarify this issue further, let’s ask a very simple question or two. On the day before Jesus died, would it have been a sin for a man to refuse to bring a lamb in order to have his sins forgiven? The answer, of course, is yes. It would have been a sin, because that was the only way to be forgiven. Another question: Would it have been a sin to refuse to bring that lamb, THE DAY AFTER JESUS DIED? No, because the true Lamb had died, the veil had been rent, and the ordinances blotted out. A law had been abolished by being nailed to the cross—the ceremonial law of Moses. Paul referred to the same law in Ephesians 2:15, “Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances ...” 

Now let’s ask another question: On the day before Jesus died, was it a sin to steal? Undoubtedly it was. On the day after He died, was it a sin to steal? The answer is yes; it was just as wrong as the day before He died. Obviously, all the blotting out of ordinances, types and shadows did not affect the great moral code of the Ten Commandments in the slightest degree—they all applied afterward as much as before Christ died. 

There are Christians today who still insist that the yearly sabbaths should be observed along with the weekly Sabbath. If such is required, then what were the sabbath days which were blotted out and nailed to the cross? And what was the “holyday” mentioned by Paul as being abolished along with those “sabbath days which were shadows of things to come?” The Greek word for “holyday” is heorte, which is also used to designate one of the yearly festivals of the Jews: “After this there was a feast (heorte) of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem” John 5:1. This is unquestionably one of the holy days that Paul spoke of as being abolished. In contrast, the weekly Sabbath is never referred to as a “feast,” neither is it ever connected to the Jews by such terms as “sabbath of the Jews.” It is only designated as the “sabbath of the Lord.” 

It is of more than passing interest that some of the most noted Bible commentators (including Adam Clarke and Albert Barnes) agree that Paul is not talking about the Ten Commandments being abolished at the cross. Dwight L. Moody, Dr. C. I. Schofield and Billy Graham also strongly affirm that the law abolished was the ceremonial law

 

In the following post (article) we  will explain those shadows.

 Ellen White 

The slaying of the Passover lamb was a shadow of the death of Christ. Says Paul: “Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us.” 1 Corinthians 5:7. The sheaf of first fruits, which at the time of the Passover was waved before the Lord, was typical of the resurrection of Christ.... {CIHS 82.5}
These types were fulfilled, not only as to the event, but as to the time. On the fourteenth day of the first Jewish month, the very day and month on which for fifteen long centuries the Passover lamb had been slain, Christ, having eaten the Passover with His disciples, instituted that feast which was to commemorate His own death as “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” John 1:29 That same night He was taken by wicked hands to be crucified and slain. And as the antitype of the wave sheaf our Lord was raised from the dead on the third day, “the first fruits of them that slept,” 1 Corinthians 15:20 a sample of all the resurrected just, whose “vile body” shall be changed, and “fashioned like unto His glorious body.” Philippians 3:21.{CIHS 83.1}
In like manner the types which relate to the second advent must be fulfilled at the time pointed out in the symbolic service. Under the Mosaic system the cleansing of the sanctuary, or the great Day of Atonement, occurred on the tenth day of the seventh Jewish month (Leviticus 16:29-34), when the high priest, having made an atonement for all Israel, and thus removed their sins from the sanctuary, came forth and blessed the people. So it was believed that Christ, our great High Priest, would appear to purify the earth by the destruction of sin and sinners, and to bless His waiting people with immortality. The tenth day of the seventh month, the great Day of Atonement, the time of the cleansing of the sanctuary, which in the year 1844 fell upon the twenty-second of October, was regarded as the time of the Lord’s coming. This was in harmony with the proofs already presented that the 2300 days would terminate in the autumn, and the conclusion seemed irresistible....{CIHS 83.2}
Peace,

"In like manner the types which relate to the second advent must be fulfilled at the time pointed out in the symbolic service."


Brother Jason, do you even realize this statement is going against what you believe? Because if you believe the Holy set days of GOD were done away with at the cross, then how can they relate to the second advent Christ. If the day of Atonement was done away with at the cross why would day of Oct.22,1844 matter? Because GOD'S Holy set days still matter, it's to bad you don't see that. Thank you anyways.


Bless!

Since the ascension of Christ, there has been a debate about the relevance of the festival and feasts of the Old Testament. Are these practices necessary to keep today?

Some say that these festivals and feasts days had a special significance to the Israel of the Old Testament, so they should still have similar special significance to the Israel of the end time.
Jewish Feasts
It is my hope that though this study, light will be shed on this subject and you will gain a deeper insight into how these special sabbath days fit into modern Christianity.

There were seven festivals of the sanctuary in the Old Testament: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Tabernacles. These seven ceremonial festivals were held on specific days, and the cycle was repeated every year.

Let’s look together at how these feasts fit into Old Testament times, how they relate to the New Testament, and how we should relate to them today.

Type and Antitype

The Bible is clear about how the Lord gives His people many examples of “type” and “antitype.” The type, or symbol, represents the antitype, or fulfillment of the symbol. The antitype is always greater than the type.

Noah, Sodom, and Gomorrah

In Genesis we read the story of Noah:

The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence…And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me…and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth…And all flesh died that moved upon the earth…and every man…and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark (Genesis 6:11–7:23).


God’s judgment on humanity through Noah’s flood is a type of God’s judgment on humanity at the end of time. Noah’s flood is the type—Jesus’ return and judgment at the end of time is the “antitype.” Let’s see what the Bible says about the antitype judgment:

But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark. And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be (Matthew 24:37-42).

For as the lightning, that lighteth out of the one part under heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall also the Son of man be in his day…And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man…Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all. Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed (Luke 17:24-31).


As we can see, the Lord gives humanity a type to explain the larger future antitype judgment that is waiting on humanity. As Luke explains, even Sodom and Gomorrah is a type to be used as an example of the antitypical Day of Judgment. One could say that these Old Testament examples are a sort of “shadow of things to come.”

The Exodus

Let’s look at another example of type and antitype: the Exodus from Egypt, which happened when Moses and Aaron confronted the Pharaoh and commanded him to let the Israelites go. 

And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go…And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest from their burdens (keep the Sabbath). And Pharaoh commanded the same day…Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein…Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh…For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth (Exodus 5:1,5–6,9; 6:1, 9:14).


This movement of God’s people is possibly the greatest event in the Old Testament. Here are a couple of interesting facts about this incredible event, which we often just gloss over when we read our Bibles:

And the children of Israel journeyed… about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children (Exodus 12:37).


This figure is only that of the heads of the family. Families of the time had five members on average. There were over 3 million people that moved out of Egypt with their cattle, sheep, goats, and geese into the desert.

If one were to take least possible scenarios, and estimate that a family of five, including children, the carts with the luggage and the livestock would take up an area of 25 square meters, then the people Israel would have stretched over a total area of 15,000 square kilometers! This means that, if the front line of the group, as they walked was 50km wide, then the group would have stretched 300km back! 

Without taking the livestock into account, the people alone would have consumed over 4.5 million litres of water per day! What about the manna? If on average, each person only ate 1 pound of manna per day, there would have had to be over 1,500 tons of manna needed every day!

The Exodus of Israel from Egypt, which is the type, was a mammoth task, but the Lord was true to His Word. He called Israel out of Egypt in order to take them to the promised land. It is interesting to note that the substantiating argument for the release of the Israelites revolved around the Sabbath. Pharaoh was not letting Israel rest as God commanded them to do, so God called His people to come out of Egypt, which was a land governed by Satanic religions and pagan ideologies.

Revelation 18 speaks of another exodus, a spiritual exodus:


And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven…And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird…And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues…Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her (Revelation 18:1-2,4,8).


At the end of time, the Lord calls His people to come out of Babylon. The Bible describes Babylon as a place that “is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.” 

Just like with the first Exodus, the second one in Revelation 18 (the antitype) is also a call to come away from Satanic religions and pagan ideologies. This clear type and antitype is made even clearer in the context of the final plagues. 

Just as it was with the first Israel, the main substantiating argument and core issue for new Israel is the authority of the seventh-day Sabbath. We see this in Revelation 14:9, where the warning to humanity about receiving the mark of the Beast, is highlighted. From various Bible studies it is clear that the Mark of the Beast is the seal or stamp of authority of the Antichrist Beast—the Papacy of Rome. His mark or seal of authority supersedes the authoritative seal of God, which is the Sabbath commandment in the heart of God’s law. 

By Rome’s words, the Bible prophecies were fulfilled:

The authority of the church could therefore not be bound to the authority of the Scriptures, because the church had changed…the Sabbath into Sunday, not by command of Christ, but by its own authority.

We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday.ii


In Revelation 18, the Lord is telling His people to have nothing to do with a system that claims to have greater authority than God—a system that puts a false Sabbath in the place of the true Sabbath, thereby covering up the day that proves the authority of God. This is exactly the same as with the Pharaoh in Moses’ day, who claimed greater authority than God, by ignoring the Sabbath Commandment.

The perfect parallels between Noah’s flood (and Sodom and Gomorrah) and Judgment Day, as well as the Exodus in Moses’ day and the spiritual exodus at the end time, show how the Lord reveals future events to us by giving us actual historic examples so that the greater antitypical event can not be misunderstood. As I stated earlier, the type in these examples is sort of a shadow of what is lying ahead.
    
Let us now go back to the sanctuary and look again at the feasts and festivals.
The sabbath days (sabbath with a small “s” denotes a special day, feast, or festival), as were fulfilled in Moses’ day, were contained in what was known as the ceremonial law. 

The Two Laws
It is important to note that there were two laws in the Most Holy—the Ten Commandments, written in stone by the finger of God and placed inside the Ark of the Covenant, and the ceremonial law, written by Moses on a parchment, skin or paper and placed outside the Ark. Deuteronomy 31:24-26 shows that this second law was attached to the side of the Ark:

And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book…Moses commanded the Levites…saying, Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God that it may be there for a witness against thee.


This ceremonial law contained all the rules of the Sanctuary, and laid out in full detail the requirements of the special feast days.

The first law—the law of Ten Commandments—was written by God in stone, signifying that the precepts it contained would stand eternally. The second law—the ceremonial law—was written by Moses on a parchment, signifying that the precepts it contained would be temporary. 

The sacrificial system, as instituted in the Garden of Eden, was fully operational in Moses’ day. The Lord gave Moses greater knowledge about many other areas of Israel’s responsibility towards God. This information was written into the ceremonial law, and the temporariness of this second law meant that it would fall away somewhere in the future. This becomes key to our discussions.

Has this law fallen away, and if so, where and when? If it has, have the festivals gone with it, or are there some aspects we should still be fulfilling today? We will have to look at both the historic events after Moses’ time and the Word of God, in order to confirm what transpired concerning this second law, which contained the feasts and festivals of the sanctuary.

Passover
The first feast day of the year was the Passover. On this day, a lamb was to be offered to God, but there were specific facets that were to be considered during this festival. Remembering, as with the examples given above, this feast day was possibly a shadow of a future event.

Exodus 12:3-11,46-47 explains about this special feast:

In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb…without blemish, a male of the first year…And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the house, wherein they shall eat it. And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it…it is the LORD’s passover…thou shalt not carry forth aught of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof. All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.


There are some specific aspects we need to look at here before we move on.

1.    The Passover was a memorial to the final events before the Exodus, when the angel of death “passed over” Israel.

2.    On the tenth day (Nisan 10) the people of Israel had to take a perfect lamb into their home and let it stay in the home with them.

3.    Four days later, on the 14th day (Nisan 14), the family had to kill the lamb in the evening.

4.    They then had to put the blood of the lamb on the side posts and lintel of the door of the home where the lamb was going to be eaten.

5.    That night they had to offer the lamb as a burnt offering, and roast the lamb in bitter herbs and eat it with unleavened bread.

6.    They had to eat all of the meat and were not allowed to take any out of the house.

7.    Lastly, while they were preparing or eating it, they were not allowed to break a single bone of the lamb.

The Lord never does anything without a reason, so if they were not allowed to break any bones of the lamb, there must have been a reason for it. The same goes for the Lord telling Israel to take the lamb into their homes on the tenth day and then killing it four days later. This Passover feast was the type. Four days before His death on the cross, the Sanhedrin met and decided to condemn Jesus to death. This was Nisan 10. 

By their evil intentions, they had set Jesus aside at the same time as the Passover lamb was being set aside. Four days later (Nisan 14) Jesus was crucified. Mark 15:34 and 37 explains, “at the ninth hour Jesus cried…My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me...And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.” The ninth hour is 3 p.m., and every year the Passover lamb was offered at 3 p.m.
    
While the priests were preparing the Passover lamb in the sanctuary—as they had since the times of Moses—Christ was being put to death on a cross outside the city. As they were putting the Passover lamb to death, they were putting the true Lamb of God to death. Sadly they didn’t recognize their own prophecies.

Incredibly, just as with the Passover lamb, none of Jesus’ bones were broken. Not only that, they pierced him with a spear, just as the Passover lamb was always pierced with a spit to roast it.

Type had met antitype. Just as John the Baptist had prophesied in John 1:29, Jesus Christ became the Lamb that bears the sins of the world, just as the Passover lamb bore the sins of the sinner. The Passover offering of the lamb was a shadow of the true offering of the Lamb.

The Passover lamb’s sacrifice, which was fulfilled in Jesus Christ, is a perfect example of what Jesus is explaining in Matthew 5:17:

Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.


Jesus came to Earth to live out the requirements of the Sanctuary to its fullest potential. Hebrews 10:10 states, “we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” Considering this text from Hebrews, were Jesus followers expected to keep the festival of the Passover lamb after Jesus’ crucifixion?
    
Remember for a moment that many people who accepted Christ after His resurrection were Gentiles, and would therefore have had no idea about the ceremonial feasts and festivals, and even less about the Passover sacrifice. Was it necessary for them, and the Jews who had accepted Christ, to fulfill the Passover festival after Christ’s death? The answer to that lies in the events that surrounded Jesus’ death on the cross. Let’s see what the Bible says happened as He died.
    
Mark 15:37-38 states: “And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom.” With Jesus’ death, the antitypical Passover sacrifice was fulfilled. From that moment on, the literal sacrifice of a lamb on Nisan 14 would no longer be necessary. In fact the Lord would make sure that the sacrifice would not take place any longer. 

As Jesus breathed out His last breath outside the city, there was absolute chaos inside the temple. There was an earthquake and the curtain separating the Holy and the Most Holy was torn in two—from top to bottom.

Matthew 27:50-51 gives more detail:

Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up his ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent.

    
The veil was a mighty curtain—it was about six meters high and as thick as a man’s hand. No human being would be able to tear such an enormous piece of cloth, and the tearing of the veil from top to bottom indicates that it was the Lord who tore it. 

For the first time, the Lord exposed the Most Holy Place, which contained the Ark of the Covenant. Until that moment, the Lord had been present in the Most Holy of the earthly sanctuary, in the form of the light of the Shekinah Glory. This was the light that was above the Ark and between the covering cherubs. 

Sin is not able to withstand the presence of God, and anyone carrying unconfessed sin that was exposed to the presence of God in the Most Holy would immediately be killed. The role of the temple veil was to protect God’s people, as it separated the Holy from the Most Holy, keeping sinful people from being exposed to the presence of God.

As Jesus died the Lord tore the veil open exposing the Holy of Holies. Had this happened in the past, everyone in the temple would have perished, as the Shekinah Glory would have destroyed sin and the sinners. If you take into account that Jesus died at the same time as the Passover sacrifice was taking place, it is an obvious realization that the chaos which was caused by the earthquake and the tearing of the veil, would not have allowed the priest to complete all aspects of the sacrifice successfully.
    
Jesus fulfilled the Passover prophecy that said not a single bone should be broken, and He also fulfilled the requirement of having been pierced just as the Passover Lamb would have been pierced. It is clear that at that moment in the world’s history, the focus moved from the sacrificial system of the Old Testament sanctuary, to Jesus. The Lord destroyed the temple at the time Jesus died, making sure that no further sacrifices could take place. Jesus because the antitypical fulfillment of these prophecies.
    
What about the Other
Type and Antitype 1 Feasts?
Jesus fulfilled the Passover sacrifice, but what about the other feasts and festivals? Well, quite simply, Jesus fulfilled those as well.
    
Due to the Holy of Holies being exposed, the functionality of the temple had been destroyed and the feasts could no longer be maintained as was required by God. According to the ceremonial law, the day after Passover, Nisan 15, was to be the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the day after that, Nisan 16, was the festival of First Fruits. After the ensuing chaos of the Passover sacrifice, none of these ceremonial feasts could take place.
    
Quite simply, as the Jews had not recognized that the prophecies pointed towards Jesus becoming the fulfillment of the Sanctuary, they would have continued sacrificing animals as they had done for so many centuries. The Lord therefore destroyed the functionality of the temple to force the Jews to stop sacrificing animals.
    
With Jesus’ death on the cross, the sacrificial system, with all its feasts and festivals came to an end. This is explained beautifully in Colossians 2:13-17. This passage explains that the ceremonial law was nailed to the cross. That is, with Jesus’ crucifixion, it was made null and void. For this reason, people can no longer judge God’s people if they do not keep the holy days and Sabbath days of the ceremonial law. 

Jesus sacrifice on the cross was “Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross…Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ” (Colossians 3:14, 16-17).
    
The feasts, festivals, and sacrifices as laid out in the Old Testament, were a shadow of things to come. These ceremonies were the type, and Jesus fulfilled them as the antitype. Through Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection, the first three festivals were fulfilled.
    
Unleavened bread was bread without yeast. Yeast is used in the Bible as a symbol for sin. Jesus says, “I am the bread of life” (John 6:35), so the unleavened bread symbolized Jesus Christ who was without sin. 

Nisan 16 was the feast of First Fruits, and this pointed towards Jesus’ resurrection (Matthew 27:52-53). After these three, came the Feast of Weeks, which was a shadow of the day the Holy Spirit was poured out at Pentecost.

 

The Last Three Feasts 
There were seven festival days in total, and the last three ceremonial feast days—Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles—point towards 1843, 1844, and the Day of Judgment respectively.
    
Trumpets in the Bible are used to symbolize loud warnings or cries that have to do with judgment. This was fulfilled when William Miller warned the world about the coming of the Lord in 1843. Based on the 2300-day prophecy, he predicted the world would end as Daniel 8:14 says, “then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.” When this date did not materialize, it was realized that they had miscalculated the BC/AD switch, as they realized there was no ‘0’ year. 

The dates were then recalculated and it was realized that this prophecy pointed towards 1844, not 1843. Again the message of judgment went to the world. When this date also did not materialize, most followers of the message fell away, but a few remained and through diligent study, they were lead to recognize that the prophecy points towards the heavenly sanctuary, where Jesus is our High Priest in theType and Antitype 2 tabernacle that the Lord pitched (Hebrews 8:1-2).

William Miller got the date right but the event wrong. The Day of Atonement was not pointing towards anything on Earth, but rather to the cleansing of the heavenly sanctuary in 1844. The last ceremonial feast—the feast of Tabernacles—points towards Jesus return, when He comes to fetch His children.
    
Looking at the ceremonial feast days, one can immediately see that they point to events which stretch from the crucifixion right through to Jesus’ return at the end of time. Every year Israel would go through the seven ceremonial feasts. Year after year they would complete the cycle, fulfilling the typical feasts pointing to events that would take place at different times through out the entire Christian era. The Jewish year was the type and the entire Christian era was the antitype.
      
When I consider the events around Jesus’ crucifixion, I realize more and more that, from the human perspective, there was huge risk involved in Jesus’ antitypical fulfillment of the sanctuary. Jesus had to put an end to both the physical sanctuary and the sacrificial system, while at the same time get His people to make a paradigm shift. No longer were they to rely on physical ceremonies, but rather become spiritually focused, connecting with God through the spiritual sanctuary, allowing Jesus to become their High Priest and Intercessor. It would have been an impossible task for any human being to do, but Jesus made this change successfully, and then in His wisdom, sent the Holy Spirit to help humanity make the required paradigm shift. 

The Holy Spirit today still guides humankind through the spiritual sanctuary. He convicts us of sin, and leads us to repentance, showing us that we need to accept the sacrifice and grace of Jesus Christ as the sole mechanism by which we can be save. The Holy Spirit also leads us towards the spiritual Most Holy Place, urging us to live a truly Christian life, where the world can see the effects of the law and the grace of God on our lives.
    
The Feasts and Festivals of the Sanctuary—should we still keep them today?
The answer I believe has become quite clear. In the ceremonial law, the Lord laid out a system of worship for the people of the Old Testament—it was a depiction of the plan of salvation. Through Jesus’ death, burial, resurrection, and ministry, He personally became the fulfillment of the Old Testament sanctuary feasts and festivals.

Type and Antitype 3Today we see how a year in the Jewish calendar depicted the period from Jesus’ crucifixion through to His Return. Each special Sabbath feast, as explained in the ceremonial law, pointed to a specific event somewhere in the Christian era, but as Colossians 2:13-17 explains, the ceremonial law, which laid out the requirements of the physical sanctuary of the Old Testament, was made null and void when Jesus was nailed to the cross.
    
Jesus has not only become the fulfillment of the sanctuary’s feasts and festivals, but He also is the antitypical fulfillment of the other aspects of the Sanctuary as well.
    
In answer to our initial question, if we were to keep the feasts of the Old Testament today, then we might as well go back to the sacrificial system. We might as well also look to rebuild the temple, close up the Most Holy with a veil again and look for a High Priest here on Earth who can perform the functions of the Sanctuary.
    
By keeping the feasts and festivals of the Old Testament, it is obvious that we reject Jesus Christ as our Saviour. In fact, we reject Him as “the Lamb who takes away the sins of the world” (John 1:29), and we reject Him as our High Priest, Intercessor, and Advocate in heaven.
    
Six of the seven festivals of the Old Testament sanctuary have been fulfilled. There is one last festival that needs to be fulfilled—the Feast of Tabernacles, which points to the day of Jesus’ return. All aspects of the sanctuary have been fulfilled, and this is the final event for which we are currently waiting. May we draw closer to God, as we pray daily that we may be found worthy on the day the Lord decided to become the fulfillment of His last ceremonial Sabbath. link

The system of types that pointed to Jesus as the Lamb of God was to be abolished at His death; but the precepts of the Decalogue are as immutable as the throne of God. DA 308.3

You wrote a lot Jason and it was an interesting read....

Why do you assume the torah placed in the side of the ark contained nothing but ceremonial laws ?

I see the ark of the covenant differently...the Father's torah is under His seat above Him He sits on a throne called His mercy seat. The second witness of those torah teachings (10comamnments) are further magnified by Jesus and His torah placed on the side of the ark...Since the box was coved in gold, it would have been a mirror, thus the external torah was a second witness to the internal torah....if you look at both torah messages they are the same, ie Jesus and the Father....

Yes I note some of Jesus torah was changed by Him dying for our sins, and some changes in where those services take place...but they were never abolished on a cross...

Why did the early disciples keep the feasts? after the cross?

Why do we keep the feasts on the new earth in heaven ?Is 66

Why can't we have gatherings for special times ? We do already...ordinance, week of prayer, camp meetings , etc...they are already technically appointed times or feasts....

I get they were fulfilled in Jesus by Jesus, but they also have future events we need to be practicing...

Passover - Ordinance - pressing together on Jesus - get Jesus into our hearts

Unleaven bread ...fasting...we are overweight - overcoming all known sin

Penecost - praying for latter rain experience - latten rain

Trumpets - witness the loud cry of he 3 angels messages - real witnessing

Atonment - getting the Investigative Judgement message out into the world - judgement message

Tabernacles - practicing living in the bush, out of cities, relying on God- Jacobs trouble

I see real needs for more gathering and begin the real work of getting ready to finish the work....

not going back to silly temple stuff on the earth, and symbols and Jewish traditions.....come on...the 3 angels messages need to get out, we need to be ready...can't see how 2 hours per week doing worship is getting ready...not enough practice....we are all asleep....

Less worship and more practice the harvest, and finish the work...that's what a feast is about... doing future practice runs for future events....and there is plenty still future....

Shalom

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