At The Mountain
Mt. Sinai is the blackened peak in the background.
In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt , the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. 2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai , and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.
3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; 4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself.
5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: 6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel . 7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. 8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. KJV
The Evidence for Three Months in a Row
The intended meaning of Exodus 19:1, 2 is more clearly stated in the New International Bible Version:
In the third month after the Israelites left Egypt --on the very day--they came to the Desert of Sinai . After they set out from Rephidim, they entered the Desert of Sinai , and Israel camped there in the desert in front of the mountain. Exodus 19:1, 2
Evidently, it was significant to Yahuwah to have Moses record this event as being the exact same day on the third month since they had left Egypt . Since it was important to Yahuwah, it was for a purpose and likely did not happen by chance, but rather was an ordained and appointed arrival at Mt. Sinai .
The Israelites never broke camp heading for parts unknown under their own leadership. Rather the Lord Yahuwah used the pillar of cloud by day and fire by night to lead them. Sometimes they traveled by day and sometimes by night, but always led by Yahuwah according to His timing. Because it is stated to be the exact same day, then by default it must be the date of the 15th. The date of the 15th would include both daylight and night counting from the New Moon day. If it can be established which day of the week the 15th fell on, then it is possible to connect all the other dates of that month with the proper days of the week.
Unfortunately, there is no statement in the entire book of Exodus that states upon which day of the week the 15th falls. It should not be assumed that this third month in a row is identical to the preceding two months simply on the basis that it is mentioned. To be conclusive, the third month, like the two before it, must be established entirely on its own inherent attributes as given in the Scriptural narrative.
In Yahuwah's providence, He provided the evidence and key necessary to unlock this third month in a row, in the book of Leviticus. Leviticus 23:15-22 declares an annual feast day in the 3rd month of Sivan, known as the Feast of Pentecost. It is this timely and unique puzzle piece that sheds light on which day of the week the 15th falls. While the details of Pentecost had not yet been given to the people at the time of their arrival at Mt. Sinai , they were given shortly afterward, following the giving of the Ten Commandments.
There has been much discussion on how to count to Pentecost. First, the correct calendar must be established upon which to calculate it. It cannot be assumed that the modern Gregorian calendar is the one to use, because it did not exist at that time. Establishing the correct calendar from the evidence, in the first two months in a row, will make all the difference in the outcome. Second, a clue is found in the name of the feast itself. Pentecost means “fifty" which stood for “fifty days".
From the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath and then present an offering of new grain to the LORD.
Leviticus 23:15-17 NIV
Yahuwah was very specific as He clarified to only count seven “Sabbaths complete". This literally includes 7 sets of “full weeks", which is 7x7=49 days. Full weeks consist of six work days followed by their respective seventh-day Sabbath. Next a qualifying statement is given that states that the total is 50 days, which is an extension of the 49 days, by adding one day after the seventh Sabbath. It was not Yahuwah's intention that every single day of the month was to be counted. If simply counting 50 days was all that was necessary, no other specific
details would have been necessary. Thirdly, Pentecost was also called “Feast of Weeks" by the Jews because of the very nature of only counting full complete weeks.
There are some who believe the theory that states: first we are to count seven full weeks then add to it 50 days, which would total 99 days. However, if this was Yahuwah's intent then it could not have been called Feast of Weeks, because 99 does not divide by 7 equally, thus it would not be a perfect count of full weeks. If it were a count of 99 days then it could not be called Pentecost. In the OT this feast is always referred to as Feast of Weeks, and in the NT it is always referred to as Pentecost. In neither OT nor NT is it ever referred to as both Feast of Weeks and Pentecost, which would be necessary if it were truly referring to 99 days. Also, no where does it say to add these two numeric values together, but rather the 50 days is simply a clarification of 49+1=50. This theory is simply not scriptural in any translated rendering nor in a Hebrew word study of Leviticus 23:15, 16.
Six work days plus one day Sabbath equals one Sabbath complete. This was the template that Yahuwah ordained at Creation. These will never include New Moon days or translation days, because they are not the days specified in the equation.
0 (New Moon days are not to be counted)
0 (Translation days, the 30th day of the month, are not to be counted)
6 work days
+ 1 7th day Sabbath
= 7 (6 work days + 1 Sabbath) = 1 Sabbath Complete (perfect)
Count to Pentecost:
Begin counting on the 16th day of the first month of Abib, which is the day after the Sabbath. Count seven “Sabbaths complete", and then add a day, because the text says to “count off fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath". All of Yahuwah's feasts consistently fall on the same date when calculated upon His calendar because it is a fixed calendar and the feast days are also fixed. This is done by divine design to insure that each new month does not begin with an arbitrary day following the month before, but always begins with the sighting of the crescent New Moon.
And you shall proclaim on the same day that it is a holy convocation to you. You shall do no customary work on it. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. Leviticus 23:21 KJV
Using this illustration above of the first three months in a row, begin counting from Abib 16 which is always the day of the Wave Sheaf Offering. Count for seven Sabbaths complete and then add one day.
Pentecost falls on Sivan 9 each and every year. Because the Creator's calendar is fixed to the phases of the moon, the 9th day of Sivan will always be on the first day of the week, thus making the 15th day of the same month a seventh-day Sabbath. For the third month in a row the Scriptures have established the structure of the Creator's calendar. Once again, it begins with a New Moon day and is followed by four successive seven day cycles with the seventh-day Sabbaths rendered on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of each and every month since creation. Each new month is refreshed with the first visible appearance of the crescent New Moon, which beacons a new line up of four successive weeks. As stated previously, it is impossible to locate the true seventh-day Sabbaths without first the signal of the crescent New Moon.
According to the weight of evidence as given here by these “three identical months in a row", unbroken chains of successive weeks do not exist in the Scriptural calendar as given by Yahuwah at creation. This belief that a continuous and unbroken chain of weeks began at creation, and has continued until now on the modern Roman calendar, is based wholly on assumption. (See Continuous Weekly Cycle Proven False!) The evidence from Scripture tells a far different story. These “three months in a row" are identical by divine design and demonstrate that unbroken successive weeks do not exist nor ever have existed on the Creator's luni-solar calendar.
The reason that this can be established as the very calendar since the time of creation is in the fact that Yahuwah was restoring to the Israelites what had been lost. What had been lost was two-fold; the Law and the time keeping system of creation. Both of these are light from heaven that dispels the darkness of error. These truths brought to the hearts and minds of the Israelites gave them courage to be truly free from the pagan ties of Egypt that would eagerly beset them. These same truths brought to the hearts and minds of people today give them strength and courage to break the ties to the many voices of symbolic Egypt and Babylon that would entrap them as well. Yahuwah's remnant will faithfully worship Him on His ordained and appointed calendar, and observe His Holy Feast days, His New Moon days and His true luni-solar seventh-day Sabbaths here on earth and then throughout eternity.
Month #3 Conclusion
By way of the count to Pentecost, the 15th day of Sivan has been established as a seventh-day Sabbath. With this in mind a question one might ask is, did the Lord Yahuwah cause His people to break the Sabbath by traveling and pitching tents, during the very time He was sending them manna from heaven each morning except Sabbath? Traveling on the Sabbath as well as setting up camp would certainly have been more work than gathering manna or preparing food, which the Lord Yahuwah strictly forbade. So there appears to be a dilemma. From both Deuteronomy and Numbers it is evident that Yahuwah led the Israelites on several occasions through the wilderness, not only by day, but also by night.
Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in, in fire by night, to shew you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day. Deuteronomy 1:33
And so it was, when the cloud abode from even unto the morning, and that the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they journeyed: whether it was by day or by night that the cloud was taken up, they journeyed. Numbers 9:21
These two examples verify that traveling at night from one location to another did occur. It is likely that the Israelites both traveled and arrived at Mt. Sinai on the night of the 15th of Sivan. In this way Yahuwah protected His Sabbath, and Moses and the Israelites were able to keep it holy unto the Lord.
Remember, it was only two months previously that the Lord Yahuwah waited until sunset to lead the Israelites out of Egypt, by night on the 15th of Abib, to protect His Holy Sabbath. The very next month Yahuwah protected His Sabbath hours by waiting until sunset on the 15th of Iyar to send the quail for food. Both of these previous examples of Yahuwah's mighty providence began at night after the Sabbath hours were passed. He certainly could have and would have repeated the pattern in the exact same manner in their arrival at Mt. Sinai which was also at night to protect His Holy Sabbath hours.
The Lord Yahuwah changes not. All three of these after sunset events demonstrate the sacredness of His Holy seventh-day Sabbath. They show that Yahuwah will go to great lengths to protect the sanctity of the Sabbath hours. If Yahuwah had led the Israelites to travel from Rephidim to Sinai, a short distance of one to three miles, during the daylight hours of the 15th, there would have been instant confusion among the people in regard to acceptable Sabbath keeping. They would have wondered why just the day before they had gathered a double portion of manna so as not to break the Sabbath by doing any work on it, and now it was O.K. to travel and pitch tents, creating much confusion. This was yet another reason for Yahuwah's consistency. Should we not follow His example and seek to keep His luni-solar calendar as it is defined in Scripture, not only in precept but also in His timely details?
There are several points regarding the New Moons that should be considered. It must be clarified that New Moons are never seventh-day Sabbaths. There is however, a New Moon Feast Sabbath one time per year in the fall known as Feast of Trumpets. New Moon days are the first days of the count of each month, but are not part of the count of week days (Ezekiel 46:1). There is no directive from heaven with a "thus saith the Lord" on how manna was to be gathered for New Moons. We know that manna fell for 40 years while the Israelites wandered in the wilderness. Simply because it is not clearly identified as to how to approach the New Moon days by gathering manna or not gathering manna, does not mean New Moon days were not used to designate the weekly cycles and Sabbaths. One thing is certain: there was never a command that this newly restored week was not to be governed by the New Moon. Of equal importance, there is also no scriptural command stating that weeks were to cycle in a successive unending chain. The unbroken chain of successive weeks has been assumed to be true, as it has been in harmony with the only calendar followed or wondered after by the whole world.
Since New Moons are not seventh-day Sabbaths, it is possible that they would have gathered manna on New Moon days. A parallel point to consider is that scripture gives exactly the same amount of direction for how to gather manna for New Moons, as it does for all of the Holy Feast days, which is none. Yet there is no question that the holy appointed Feast days were kept at their appointed times beginning that very first month of Abib. And it cannot be overlooked that the Feast days boldly declare in detail the luni-solar calendar layout, including New Moons, work days, and seventh-day Sabbaths. There were four Holy Feast days that were designated to be Sabbaths that never fell on seventh-day Sabbaths. These would include Nisan 21st, which is the last day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; Sivan 9, which is the day of Pentecost, also called the Feast of Weeks; Tisrei 1, which is Feast of Trumpets, and finally Tisrei 10, which is the Day of Atonement. The jury is still out on whether the Israelites were to gather manna for any New Moon days or Feast days other than the seventh-day Sabbath. My inclination is toward their not gathering a double portion on the previous day to a New Moon day and the other feasts.
From the evidence provided by Moses, it is apparent that these first three months in a row had identical calendation, and should be a signal that the calendar of the Bible and the Roman Gregorian calendar are not one and the same. After all, two identical months in a row rarely happen on our modern calendar, but never three, for it is an impossibility. You simply cannot add up the date and time details in each of these three months and come up with any other calendar structure other than that of the Creator's luni-solar calendar design. It is too divinely unique to be of a man made origin. Man made calendation tends toward human convenience, and sets up holidays that are not Yahuwah's. The Creator's Luni-solar calendar proactively teaches man the ways of Yahuwah, His Holy feast days instruct in His detailed plan to restore mankind into His image. Yahuwah's true seventh-day Sabbaths are by their very design, a sign of allegiance to our Creator and His true calendar.
Genesis 1, Exodus 12, 16 and 19 all demonstrate that days are the daylight hours, while nights are the darkness. As evening follows morning, it makes up the two halves of the twelve daylight hours, while the nights are not defined by hours, but by an altogether different system of measurement known as the four watches. The "day" was divinely ordained by the Creator to begin at sunrise by the giving of the manna, and was to end at sunset as Yahuwah demonstrated by sending the quail after the Sabbath hours had passed. Yahuwah was particular and detailed as He restored to Moses and the Israelites His calendation details, of which the foundations had been appointed at creation. His ordained time system had been lost over the years of Egyptian captivity. This was not a new time system Yahuwah introduced to Moses, but a restoration of the original. The same is true today, as this is not an introduction to a new calendation system, but rather it is a return to the Creator ordained and sanctified luni-solar calendation system born out in scripture.
It has been said, "a picture is worth a thousand words", and below are three amazingly harmonious illustrations for comparison of the Creator's three identical calendation months in a row. The New Moons and Sabbaths all line up in their appointed order. These three illustrations represent the weighty evidence that the Creator's calendar is grafted from a different vine than that of the modern Roman calendar: one is man made, and the other divine.
Month #1 Abib Passover & the Exodus
Month #2 Iyar Heavenly Manna
Month #3 Sivan Arrival at Mt. Sinai
If the Lord of Creation restored the exact timing of the creation week to Moses and the Hebrew people, then perhaps His people today should take notice. When a thing is restored, by definition, it is being brought back to its original state. Additionally, it would only make sense that Yahuwah would choose to do His restoring in perfect rhythm with the time signature of His creation week.
There are several more details that have been inserted in the Exodus account that are not apparent in the Genesis rendering. This is apparent in the structure of the month, beginning with the sighting of the first visible crescent moon. It has been found that while the phrase, "New Moon" is absent from most of our modern English translations, the word month literally means New Moon. New Moons are integral to the counting and placement of the seventh-day Sabbaths. While there was no mention of a New Moon/month in the creation week account, it becomes evident that Yahuwah's six work days followed by a seventh-day Sabbath are not a chain of uninterrupted cycles. Rather, He created four fixed weeks and placed them into His lunar months just as a gemstone is placed within a pre-appointed setting. All are precisely placed into His well defined yearly calendation formula.
Yahuwah naturally included the knowledge of the sun, moon and stars, and how they designate and rule (measure) time over His entire created domain (jurisdiction). He showed them how the sun measures the "daylights" and solar years; while the moon measures the "nights", the luni-solar years, the months, the weeks, and the placement of the seventh-day Sabbaths, and all the holy appointed Feast days. Remember what is said by the Lord Yahuwah to Moses and Aaron in the Exodus 12:1 account. "This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you." Exodus 12:1 Since Yahuwah is restoring what was lost, He is reestablishing that the very day He was speaking to Moses, was the exact same day, month, and beginning of the year as that of creation/Genesis account, when it says, "In the beginning", only 2500 years later. It is an undisputable fact that Yahuwah taught all of these truths to Moses, because it was Moses who gave us our written record for both the Genesis/Creation account as well as the Exodus account.
Weighty and detailed evidence has been gathered from these three identical months in a row, and they stand united as a witness confirming the Creator's luni-solar calendar. Listed below are the most significant points:
The modern Roman Gregorian calendar is not one and the same as that of scripture, because it is an utter impossibility for it to have three consecutive months in a row that are identical. Specifically this means that because the weeks float throughout the months it is not possible to have the days of the week match the days of the month for three consecutive months. Exodus 12, 16, and 19
Yahuwah's monthly calendar structure begins with a New Moon followed by four successive fixed weeks, each and every month. This is self evident in each of these three months by using the dates that were provided. First these dates locate the Sabbaths, and then by counting backwards the New Moon is defined. In each case the first day of the first week of each month is actually the second day of the month. Therefore the first day of the month is never the first day of the week. Exodus 12, 16, 19.
Other than in these three months, Yahuwah's true seventh-day Sabbaths cannot be located without first locating the New Moon. Exodus 12, 16.
Unbroken successive weeks are a myth created by the Romans to bolster their Gregorian successive week calendar. Exodus 12, 16, and 19.
The day begins at sunrise and ends at sunset according the scriptural rendering. Genesis 1:3-5; Exodus 12, 16, and 19.
Evening and morning is not synonymous with night and day, but rather evening and morning are two halves of the "daylight" hours according to the Lord Yahuwah in Genesis 1:5 & supported by Exodus 12,16 and 19.
The night is separate from the day and reckoned by four watches: the Even Watch, the Midnight Watch, the Cock Crowing Watch, and finally the Morning Watch. Genesis 1:3-5; Mark 13:35.
Through the details of the night of Passover and the giving of manna the following month, the parameters of the Sabbath day is discovered to begin at dawn and end at sunset, including only the "daylight" hours. Compare Exodus 12 and 16 with Genesis 1:3-5.
The seventh-day Sabbath is fixed into each month on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th. Genesis 1:5
Through the details of Passover, the Exodus, the giving of the quail, and the arrival at Sinai, Yahuwah demonstrated that Sabbath never includes any part of the darkness of night, but is only the "daylight hours". Exodus 12, 16, and 19
The seventh-day Sabbath is neither Saturday nor Sunday. Exodus 12, 16, 19
The count to Pentecost presents weighty evidence that the seventh-day Sabbath must be reckoned by the phases of the moon. It also establishes the third month in a row as confirmation of Yahuwah's ordained luni-solar calendation system. Exodus 19 and Leviticus 23:15, 16.
The Lord Yahuwah restored to Moses & the Israelites the same calendation structure that He had given to Adam and Eve at Creation, only with a few added details. If the calendar structure had not been precisely the same, Moses would have questioned the Lord. Since Moses was the one who recorded both the Creation story and the Exodus story alike, we can be certain that they were one in the same. Exodus 12:1-3
We can have confidence that the time signature that the Lord Yahuwah appointed in the heavens at creation is the same one that He reintroduced to Moses and the Hebrew people at the time of the Passover and Exodus from Egypt. Then Yahuwah confirmed His time signature a second month in a row by the falling of the heavenly manna, illustrating the calendation structure into which He places His Sabbaths. Finally, the Lord Yahuwah fully restored His unique time signature with the arrival at Mt. Sinai, on the exact date and even at night, just as when they had left Egypt two months prior. Thus weighty evidence establishes the third recorded month in a row as having the exact same calendation details.
We can also have confidence that this is the same time signature or calendation that Christ kept during His life, even through to the cross and resurrection, as He fulfilled the Passover events in every particular. Today the Lord Yahuwah is restoring His time signature as demonstrated in the Creator's luni-solar calendar to His faithful followers as He prepares to deliver them from the bondage and slavery of sin in this world, and prepare this remnant for the true Promised Land. Just like the Hebrews of old, the final generation will in haste have many truths to learn, and many false teachings to unlearn.
Then God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs (Sabbaths) and seasons (months), and for days and years; and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth"; and it was so. Then God made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. God set them in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. Genesis 1:14-19
Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you. Exodus 31:13-14
Age will not make error into truth, and truth can afford to be fair. No true doctrine will lose anything by close investigation. Council to Writers & Editors, p. 35.