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***  Note from Adventist Online:  The following post contains falsehoods that cannot be proven from scripture.  It contradicts the truth about the Seventh-day Sabbath established at creation, affirmed in the Ten Commandments, and that Christ, all the prophets, and you and I keep Holy.  We have left this discussion intact so you can learn more about the basis of your faith.  Your study will show the following lunar calendar theory to be false and not Biblical as this post claims.  ***

THE LUNI-SOLAR CALENDAR IS BIBLICAL

The subject of the sanctuary was the key which unlocked the mystery of the disappointment of 1844. It opened to view a complete system of truth, connected and harmonious, showing that God's hand had directed the great advent movement and revealing present duty as it brought to light the position and work of His people. The Great Controversy, p.423.

If the subject of the sanctuary was the key which unlocked the mystery of 1844, would it not be wise to refer constantly to this wonderful, complete, connected and harmonious system of truth to reveal more truth to us in this last period of Earth‟s history? Besides the discovery of the work of our Great High Priest in the Most Holy Place and the commencement of the hour of judgment on October 22, 1844, the Millerites were also given a most important revelation regarding the sanctuary that almost came back to life in 1939.

Following the request of Pastor Wierts in the 1920 era, the General Conference of the SDA Church set up a Committee to re-visit the date of October 22, 1844. At that time, the Rabbinical Jews were questioning our stand on the Great Day of Atonement date in 1844, because according to the Jews it was celebrated on September 23 in 1844. The full collection of the research and data‟s of this Committee is available at Andrews University in Michigan.

It is called: the Grace Amadon Collection. The research is composed of 3000 pages and more on the subject of astronomy and the calculations of the Millerites to arrive at the true date of October 22, 1844. More specifically, the luni-solar calendar and the beginning of the year according to the Barley Harvest Mosaic law were re-discovered by William Miller and his associates. That in-depth study of the luni-solar calendar led them to the Karaites whom in the 8th century AD stood against the Rabbinical Jews who had long compromised the calculation of the calendar of the festivals of the Lord as they do to this day, by using the new moon after the vernal equinox instead of the new moon corresponding to the barley harvest.

Moses commanded that they should not even reap their barley until the first fruits of it had been offered to the Lord at the time of the Passover. Sidersky adds, "The aim of the Mosaic command was to regulate the months according to the course of the moon, and the whole year in accordance with the course of the sun -- by assigning as a starting point the lunar month coinciding with the beginning of a determined solar season." That determined solar season was still the barley harvest in the time of Christ. Later on, as after the dispersion of the Jews, the Sanhedrin did not content itself to observe the maturity of the barley, but added to it the observation and the calculation of the equinox.

The ceremony of the barley was the divine rule by which the position of the month Nisan (or first month Abib) was located... Such a provision as the barley-harvest control of the year thrusts definite certainty into Jewish reckoning in the time of Christ--- which held on until the Jews were scattered after the destruction of Jerusalem (AD 70). By this rule, we know that the Nisan paschal moon could not come until the rains were over and the barley ripe. On those two counts, a Passover in Dystrius, the ancient name for March, is out -- for all the reports on agriculture and meteorology in Palestine, ancient and modern, show that March is the month for the latter rain, and that the barley ripens in April.
Grace Amadon Collection Part V Crucifixion Date, page 8.

1844 PROBLEM AND SOLUTION: THE LUNI-SOLAR CALENDAR
In 1844, for the first time since the end of the 70 weeks, a problem in luni-solar reckoning directly related to the ministry of Christ, came up for solution. This problem reverted to the original Mosaic types, and therefore the calendar measure had to be a replica of the primitive Mosaic year. The following astronomical details were a necessary foundation for laying out this luni-solar calendar:
1) The appointed Jewish feasts dates;
2) New moon and full moon dates, as found in standard tables;
3) Form and lengths of the Jewish year -- common and embolismic;
4) Position of the moon in the heavens, and her times of setting; and
5) Difference in time between meridians.

The dates of the Jewish festivals, in Jewish time, are found in the Bible. They were given to Moses when he was in the mount with God. The book of Exodus, II Chronicles, II Kings, and the prophecy of Jeremiah contain definite dates for important events. Many such are found also in the prophecies of Ezekiel, Haggai, and Zechariah. They are all lunar time. These chronological references all go to show that the Jewish people, throughout the centuries, had a dependable calendar system, with its related festivals according to which events were reliably recorded. The feasts themselves occupied a period of more than half the Hebrew year, concerning which Moses had received instructions direct from God.

For nearly forty years Moses remained with Israel (and this was before they entered the Promised Land), and was thus responsible for the operation of these institutions which became an integral part of the Jewish polity. These were far-reaching in purpose, for God's original plan provides that all the families of the earth should come up to Jerusalem to keep the feast of Tabernacles. But a common center of worship in the earth, when, from one new moon to another, by lunar reckoning, and from one Sabbath to another, by solar reckoning, all flesh would come to worship before God, shows that a luni-solar time system can be world-embracing in performance. Two millenniums after the world was created, Moses wrote that both great lights -- the moon as well as the sun -- were for days and years. The lunar year therefore had a part in the great plan of creation and is taken note of in the pages of Holy Writ.
Grace Amadon Collection - Solar Time, page 6.

THE LUNI-SOLAR BARLEY HARVEST MOSAIC CALENDAR RESTORED IN 1844
Following the Biblically and astronomically sound original Karaites reckoning for the true Jewish sacred year, the Adventist leaders fix upon October 22 as the true 10th day of the true 7th month by applying this direct and simple formula: As the true "first month" began with the appearance of the new moon in April 1844, so the true "seventh month" in that year must begin with the appearance of the corresponding new moon after its change on the evening of October 11, the new moon becoming visible on the 13th, as every current calendar informed them. Therefore, they declared, the 10th day of the 7th month would fall upon October 22, New England-time reckoning. The time calculations for the specific day were complicated by the fact that not only does the Jewish sacred year differ from our Gregorian --- running from April to April, instead of from January to January -- but the Jewish or Biblical day is from sunset to sunset, instead of our arbitrary civil reckoning from midnight to midnight. All calculations must therefore accord with Biblical reckoning, and then be translated into our present Gregorian calendar, civil-time reckoning. All becomes clear when the inevitable relationship between Jewish and civil time is grasped... No intricate mathematical or astronomical calculation was necessary, so the Adventist position was easily understood by the common people.

Nevertheless, a scholarly mastery of the astronomical and chronological aspects of the question was a conspicuous characteristic of Millerites leadership and literature. It was because of this that their argument could not be gainsaid by the scholars of the time.

Definite note is taken, in the Midnight Cry of October 3, of the fact that the Rabbinate Jews had already observed September 23 as the 10th day of the 7th month, and that this was doubtless a month too early. In the same journal on October 11, we read; "The day (of Atonement) is observed by the Jews more than any other in the year, though they observe it one month earlier than the true time, as we think it is evident from the fact that barley is not ripe in Judea on the 16th day of the first month, as they reckon time; but the law of Moses required a sheaf to be waved before the Lord on that day." No Adventists looked for the Second Advent on September 23, the Rabbinate date, because for a year and a half they had all been following the Karaites reckoning for the sacred year -- both for the Jewish year 1843, and for 1844 -- which reckoning placed the first Jewish month in April, and in consequence the seventh month in October --- and therefore not in September.

Grace Amadon Collection, Report of Committee on historical basis, involvements and validity of the October 22, 1844 position. Part II. Chronological Development page 24-26 (excerpts).

THE CALENDAR IS IN THE SANCTUARY
The sanctuary was not given to Moses after sin as an after-thought in the mind of the Creator. The Bible is clear that the plan of salvation, as so wonderfully pictured in the sanctuary, was before the foundation of the world. The calendar Moses gave to the Israelites can be easily found throughout the sanctuary as it forms the very physiology or functioning of the Jewish economy. All of their festivals including the 7th day Sabbath were represented in the sanctuary through the pieces of furniture, sacrifices and ceremonies. (Numbers 28, Leviticus 23).

This calendar, based on the luni-solar Barley Harvest Mosaic law, was revealed to the Millerites to be restored for the last generation. This is indeed the fulfillment of Daniel 7:25, "He shall think to change times and laws".  

Christ not only kept the Sabbath as it was his custom, but also the Feasts that He himself instituted in order to teach the full and complete plan of salvation. We can follow Him in the sanctuary as the Passover Lamb offered on the cross in the Court, to His ascension and High Priesthood coronation in the Holy Place in heaven, with the sending of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost to confirm it, and the Great Day of Atonement in the Most Holy Place entry on October 22, 1844. We only need for Him to stand up and come out of the Most Holy Place after the judgment of the living saints is done, probation to close. And He returns in the cloud of glory to take us Home.

Christ not only kept the festivals but He is the fulfillment of the Feasts as He:
  • Died on Passover AD 31 Abib 14. As established by the Millerites through the prophecy of Daniel 8:14 and 9:24-27.
  • Rested on Unleavened Bread Abib 15, which is also a 7th day Sabbath by luni-solar calendar reckoning.
  • Resurrected on Firstfruits Abib 16
  • Sent the Holy Spirit at Pentecost fifty days after Firstfruits Abib 16
  • Inspired the Millerites from 1834-1844 to give the Trumpets sound, which will be repeated through the Loud Cry under the Sunday Law still to come.
  • Entered the Most Holy Place on the Great Day of Atonement on October 22, 1844, to begin the judgment of the dead, while soon, no one knows how soon, the judgment of the living will start.
  • And is coming again to take us Home at the Feast of Tabernacles.
The Heavenly Father wants to sanctify us on His Sabbaths. (Exodus 31:13; Ezekiel 20:12). These are His Sabbaths including the 7th day Sabbath. Numbers chapter 28 indicates clearly the calendar of the sanctuary along with Leviticus 23. The calendar of the Creator can be found:
  • Daily Genesis 1 and 2
  • Weekly Genesis 1 and 2
  • Monthly Genesis 7 and 8; Exodus 9, 12
  • Yearly Exodus 9: 31, 32; Leviticus 23; Numbers 28 Sabbatical Year Leviticus 25
  • Jubilee year Leviticus 25
  • Millennium Revelation 20
The luni-solar week is as such:
New Moon 1st of the month
7th Day Sabbath The 8th, 15th, 22nd, 29th respectively

All of the Feasts are to be fulfilled in the believers who follow the Lamb wheresoever He goes. It is false to declare that these Feasts were finished at the cross, since the Great Day of Atonement has been proclaimed by the Adventists only since 1844. Except for Passover, Christ still fulfilled them after His death in resting on Abib 15 (first day of Unleavened Bread) and resurrecting on Abib 16 (Firstfruits). The type of the Passover Lamb met the antitype at the cross. Passover was fulfilled and replaced by the Lord`s Supper. No longer is there a need for a lamb to be sacrificed. Christ is the Lamb of God. However, the other feasts types met their antitype after the cross and were not nailed to the cross.

RESPONSE TO ELDER ANGEL RODRIGUEZ: WHAT ABOUT A LUNAR SABBATH? PREPARED BY: Odette Boily August 2008 (excerpts)

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Why are people still trying to advocate this false doctrine???
We could always burn them at the stake.
You are not funny.
Sorry, I just finished watching  "The Tudors" , that's what they did in England when the newly formed Church of England found out people were reading the scriptures for them selfs and coming up different ideas. They were just keeping in step with their former head of church the Pope.
Just ordered this book, The Roman Calendar from Numa to Constantine: Time, History, and the Fasti The Roman Calendar from Numa to Constantine: Time, History, and the Fasti
Jorg Rupke, David M. B. Richardson

 

The lunar calendar itself, was a part of the old sanctuary system by which to schedule the observances of the various festivals in the old covenant.  They were all calculated from the phases of the moon. 

 

There were certain days named as "Sabbaths" in this calendar.  But they were not on the same date of the month each month.  All of these "Sabbaths" were calculated from the new moon of ONLY the FIRST month in the spring and of the SEVENTH month in the autumn. 

 

Exodus 12:1, 2 "And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,  
 This month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months: it [shall be] the first month of the year to you." 

 

Leviticus 23:5, 6 "In the fourteenth [day] of the first month at even [is] the LORD's passover.  
 And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast of unleavened bread..."

 

Leviticus 23:24 "In the seventh month, in the first [day] of the month, shall ye have a sabbath,..."

 

 

These "Sabbaths" were in a perfect seven-day sequence,  just as the 7th-day Sabbath of the week, ONLY rarely did they coincide with the 7th-day Sabbath in certain years.  (See Leviticus 23:15, 16)

 

The lunar Sabbatarian theory differs from the Bible teaching in that it places the lunar Sabbaths on the same date of the month each  and every month, and places the "lunar" Sabbaths in place of the 7th-day Sabbath.  In this way the entire prophetic purpose of the "lunar" Sabbaths is totally lost, and destroys the 7th-day Sabbath in the process.

 

Leviticus 23:38, 39 "Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings,....on the first day [shall be] a sabbath, and on the eighth day [shall be] a sabbath." 

 

Therefore, on the subject of the "lunar" Sabbaths, there is genuine truth from the Bible and there is a distortion  of the truth.

I guess I am more interested in finding out the history of our calendar. We should be able to trace it back in time to creation. Right?

 

I'm sorry, Sarrie, but I was only making a general comment, not particularly addressed to your comment.

 

But on the topic you are interested in--the history of our calendar--

 

The Gregorian or Western calendar is the internationally accepted civil calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII by a decree in 1582.  So the current calendar doesn't go back very far, only just after the time that Martin Luther, the Reformer, died.

 

Other time-keeping calendars were in place before that, of course.  And during the time that Jesus lived on this earth, the Jews had two calendars--the one for the temple services based on the moon, and the civil calendar which began the year in the seventh month.  But from one calendar change to another the seven-day sequence of the week has remained unaltered.

Then did Jesus die by the calendar of the Temple services based on the moon or the civil calendar ?  AD 31 full moon was the 14th of Abib . My research indicates  that full moon of Abib was Jew-lean wed or thursday. Hope you can give me some light on this. 

 

Bill Dixon, sorry for the delay in answering. Time is so limited. Thanks for your patience. I'll always try to answer, even if it takes some time.

 

Jesus died by the calendar of the old covenant, referred to as the Hillel I calendar ( the ancient Hebrew calendar), based on the moon. However, that said, one needs to understand the principles used in the Hillel I calendar, which many people today, who seem to assert an authority on this issue, do not really understand.

 

One of these principles of the original Hebrew calendar (Hillel I ), is also found in the calendar used by the majority of Jews today, known as the Hillel II calendar, and that is, that sometimes the Hebrew month begins at the point of the conjunction of the moon (dark moon), and sometimes it begins with a fairly large visible sliver of the moon.

 

This principle is maintained so that whenever possible, the new moon could occur on the original Holy 7th-day Sabbath. I'm sure you are aware of this, that whenever the new moon occurs on the Holy 7th-day Sabbath, then all of the lunar "shadow" Sabbaths scheduled from that new moon, also, fall on Holy 7th-day Sabbaths. This includes the Day of Atonement, in reference to the requirements of the Sabbatical and the Jubilee years.

 

The perturbations of the moon must also be taken into account. These are the gravitational forces exerting pressures on the moon to cause a difference in its rotational path.

 

In the year 31 C.E., the first sliver of the new moon was visible Friday evening on the 13th of April (Gregorian calendar) at the beginning of the Holy 7th-day Sabbath.  This would have been the first day of the first month of the year, making April 14 (Gregorian calendar) a Holy 7th-day Sabbath.

 

The Passover Feast occurred on the 14th day of this first month which was on Friday, the 27th of April.  Because the Hebrews counted the day beginning in the evening of the night before, the day actually began in the evening of Thursday, the 26th of April (Gregorian calendar) in 31 C.E.  The lunar "shadow" Sabbath began on the preparation day in the evening of the 27th of April (Gregorian calendar) making the 28th of April, the lunar "shadow" Sabbath.  That particular year , the 28th of April was also, a Holy 7th-day Sabbath.

 

In the year, 27 C.E., the conjunction of the moon (black moon) was taken as the beginning of the month, September 18 (Gregorian calendar) making the Day of Atonement, the 10th day of the 7th month, fall on the Holy 7th-day Sabbath, Saturday, September 27 (Gregorian calendar), when Jesus declared in the synagogue, "This day is this Scripture fulfilled..." 

 

(See the moon phase calendar produced by MooreCalendar, v1.8-www.paulcarlisle.net)

 


The same principle can be seen in the Hillel II calendar used from the middle of the 4th century until today.  Check the year 1987 (Hebcal).  The Day of Atonement occurred on October 3, 1987, a Holy 7th-day Sabbath, when the conjunction of the moon was used as the first day of the 7th month.  Then, check the year 2028.  The first day of the 7th month will occur on Thursday, September 21st, (making the Day of Atonement fall on a Holy 7th-day Sabbath) when according to the moon phase calendar, the moon will be visible with the same size sliver as was seen on the first day of the first month in 31 C.E., when the Feast of Passover, the 14th day of the first month, occurred on Friday, April 27, when Jesus was crucified on that Friday.

 


To conclude, let me say again, that the entire old covenant was a "shadow", including the lunar "shadow" Sabbaths.  They were prophecies of where the Holy 7th-day Sabbath would be in relation to the feast day when these feast days were fulfilled. 

 

The old covenant was a prophecy of the new covenant in the events and the exact timing of the events that must occur in the time pointed out in the symbolic service. (See Great Controversy, p. 399, 400)

 

 

From what I read on the internet, Saturday was created by leaders in Rome around 45 BC when they created the Julian calendar and most ancient people other than the Egyptians used a lunar calendar. I want to read this information for myself and see what happened and don't want to take someone else's word for it.

I am a little confused, when the Israelites left Egypt, didn't God tell Moses that it was the first month and the 15 th day?  Why is there a new year in the 7th month? You said there was a civil calendar, when did they start using this?

 

 

 

In my post, August 6, above, I gave the text when God gave Moses the time to begin the year--Exodus 12:1,2. 

 

Jewish authorities had actually determined 4 different New Years.  Some of these were for tithing purposes of different products and  to determine the reign of kings, etc. Then after the Babylonian captivity, they focused mainly on the New Moon of the first month for the beginning of the year of the temple services, and on the 7th month for the Civil New year.  They actually believed that this was the time of creation when God started time for this world.  So that this new year was taken for the time that the earth began.

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